SEA operates in compliance with international standards and regulations by adjusting and aligning its own procedures and organisational structures to its development and evolution.
The regulations of airport activities can be schematically divided into two levels:
- the first refers to the conditions for accessing the market of airport management (construction of infrastructures and efficiency of the airports) with various controls carried out on the overall market power of the management team;
- the second refers to the methods for accessing the infrastructure (mainly through the allocation of take-off and landing rights as well as the definition of airport rights) and providing handling and commercial services.
Following is a list of entities regulating the sector.
ENAC (National Civil Aviation Organisation) is a non-profit public entity which represents, pursuant to article 687 of the Navigation Code, "the sole technical, regulatory, certification, surveillance and control entity within the civil aeronautical sector", which acts in compliance with the directives of the Infrastructures and Transportation Ministry.
While carrying out its activities, ENAC complies with the standards of the European Community and regulates the following sectors:
- Safety and security;
- Quality control on services provided to the passengers;
- Financial regulations;
- Airports regulations;
- Regulations in general.
Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport
The Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport carries out, first of all, all supervising, directing and control activities on ENAC operations. ENAC and the Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport cooperate in order to:
- plan the organisation of air transport;
- plan and develop the airport sector;
- formulate international and bilateral agreements;
- formulate regulations for compliance with international principles and standards;
- study particular aspects of the sector.
ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation) is a United Nations agency whose mission is to develop a management system for the international civil aviation sector aiming at making it safe and efficient, as well as sustainable. Among the ICAO activities are the formulation and updating of the regulations applied to the aviation sector and implemented by 190 participating member states in order to guarantee the highest level of safety.
The European Aviation Safety Agency is a public entity responsible for defining the common levels of safety and environmental protection within the sector of civil aviation among the member states of the European Union.
ENAV S.p.A. is an incorporated company, fully owned by the Ministry of the Economy and Finance and monitored by the Ministry of Infrastructures and Transport which, still pursuant to the provisions of the Code of Navigation, provides services to airline navigation.
Assoclearance is the Italian Association Management, Clearance and Slots composed of airline companies and Italian airport managerial teams, responsible for optimising the distribution of take-off and landing slots and their assignment to the carriers, keeping into consideration requests and historical data. The Association provides ENAC with timely and prompt information regarding the list of assigned take-off and landing slots and related changes occurring during the traffic season at each airport, also in consideration of the recent ENAC circular which provides for the issuing of sanctions for those operators who do not comply with the European and national standards and regulations.
Regional Agencies for the protection of the Environment (ARPA) are public entities with administrative, organisational and accounting autonomy, responsible for activities and services directed to support the choice of environmental policy set forth by the Regions, the Provinces, the Municipalities, the Mountain Communities, the ASL and other public entities within the regional territory. The activities carried out by ARPA draws inspiration from the approach proposed by the most recent domestic and European regulations: collecting and processing environmental data, that are well founded and reliable, to be provided to government agencies in order to support their decisions regarding the territory, and to the citizens who can therefore be informed and capable of making evaluations. The regional ARPAs are deeply involved in the activities of the airport Commissions, and as regards acoustic pollution issues, they carry out a periodical control on the propriety and fairness of the monitoring operations performed in the territory.
A number of other institutional entities are present at the airport: ENAC, Carabinieri, Customs Agency, Financial Guard, Police, Jail and Custody Police, State Forestry Organisation, Aviation Safety, Veterinary Office, Firefighter Station who contribute, each within its own area of responsibility, to the efficient performance of the activities involved and with whom the airport management interacts constantly within a framework of mutual cooperation.